Monday, August 3, 2020
<h1> Choosing Ap Language and Composition Essay Student Samples Question 2 </h1> <h2> Ap Language and Composition Essay Student Samples Question 2</h2> <p>For this explanation, you must be solid and steady with regards to extra data, examination, and explores of various people. AP teachers get a score sheet indicating the individual score for all of their understudies, and some score information and national midpoints. At the point when you plan your exposition and scribble down the focuses you're probably going to discuss in your draft, you will have parcel of focuses to talk about. Suppose that you're composing an exposition on The significant reasons for Road Accidents in your City, it's undeniable you're going to think about two or three focuses. </p> <p>It is a bigger inquiry than understudies are acclimated with experiencing on an AP test. A few understudies endeavor to include pointless words as an approach to sound amazing, yet regula rly end up getting just the contrary result. Hence, State University isn't just the perfect spot for me, it is the sole area for me. On head of its developing social and ethnic assorted variety, it is turning into an ace at making a specialty for each understudy. </p> <h2> Ap Language and Composition Essay Student Samples Question 2 - the Story </h2> <p>Now that you've found out about both of these terms independently, you will see there is a particular contrast among exposition and structure. At the point when you have gotten done with your arrangement, it is exceedingly significant you pause for a moment and read over what you have composed. Utilize the term upchuck strategy. Let us initially think about the criticalness of structure. </p> <p>When you have accumulated thoughts regarding the matter, you should appropriately set your considerations into words. Obviously, the exact themes won't be rehashed, yet chances are acceptable you will see s omething fundamentally the same as. On the off chance that you can't figure out what the inquiry is, return and rehash the brief. Test questions are useful in they will set you up for what you can expect and what kind of reasoning you have to do on test day. </p> <h2>New Step by Step Roadmap for Ap Language and Composition Essay Student Samples Question 2 </h2> <p>Your test is separated into partitions. Whatever you compose, you're require a solid presentation. Each detail of a specific subject has a significant impact in building up a visual portrayal for such. A few understudies consider the totally free reaction segment being the hardest part of the entire English test. </p> <p>By composing a couple of the papers from the ensuing show, you will perceive what level of composing is important to finish your capability test. Realizing the inquiry you're noting is the fundamental bit of AP composing. For instance, assume you're composing an article about both national political shows. Evaluate another point and do precisely the same 5-minute composing test till you find a theme you realize you can promptly compose on. </p> <p>Essay composing can be fairly a test. You have not simply to make an exposition but to peruse a unique abstract piece commonly, break down it, research, make notes, etc. At the point when you're composing an English exposition, you have zero chance to confirm your paper by another person. The secret to composing a great effectiveA paper is to get the energy to compose it. </p> <p>An article layout is a lot of thoughts and thoughts identified with the subject issue. Make certain your paper follows a specific organization, comprising of the right partsA of exposition. An article must be made out of a presentation, a body, and an end. A generally excellent illustrative exposition comes out of an educated and innovative brain. </p> <p>Getting ready to see a TV program about different societies isn't just a learning experience, it's the following most ideal method of making a trip to that area and feeling a sentiment of escaping from one's own every day life. Accepting the open door to see a network show implies being in a situation to have families talk, share, ask, and most essentially, bond for a family. TV programs are an incredible strategy to create the crowd feel a bit of a story, and moreover it permits an individual the opportunity to remove their brains from their own one of a kind lives. Sitting in front of the TV is anything but an exercise in futility for such a significant number of clarifications. </p> <p>English paper tests require so as to be completely broke down and comprehended for the young understudy before attempting to make his artful culmination. In English Language, arrangements or articles really are one of the most pivotal features of the subject. It's conceivable to look for the administrations of the Best Essay Writing Service and get a unique modified exposition composed by a prepared author. This sort of exposition needs a decent structure and outstanding help. </p> <p>Essay composing comes in different structures. Expositions are a type of normally utilized scholarly writing in the zone of training. Article composing aptitudes is an extreme and tedious activity. Numerous understudies accept that the 2 words Essay and Composition mean precisely the same and might be utilized reciprocally. </p> <h2>Ap Language and Composition Essay Student Samples Question 2 Secrets That No One Else Knows About </h2> <p>You don't have to make enormous changes in accordance with your life. When there's a restricting power it will be seen and seen. On the off chance that you might want to accomplish something with style, it costs simply self-assurance. Give purposes behind your perspective. </p>
Saturday, July 25, 2020
<h1>Good Essay Topics For College Admissions</h1><p>Good papers that make an imprint in the secondary school affirmations process are constantly one of the essential factors that decides the accomplishment of an understudy. The school's notoriety and scholastic accomplishments, school affirmation test scores, just as extracurricular exercises all assume a significant job in deciding the amount of an imprint the understudy will leave in their place of study. No article author understudy should dismiss this factor. In spite of the fact that the peruser can rapidly ignore the composition, article subjects that make an imprint in the school confirmation process incorporate key factors, for example, character, keenness, and originality.</p><p></p><p>Besides giving knowledge into the contemplations and foundations of the writer, a point that would permit the peruser to comprehend the writer's energy for something would be progressively effective. A point that presents a general thought through the words would be a superior decision since it would give a more clear picture on the creator's advantages and character. Expositions that address both the thought and character are more powerful than those that emphasis on only one aspect.</p><p></p><p>In expansion to using great paper points, journalists should observe their own composing style. A few understudies who have been composing expositions for quite a while may decide to utilize a similar style all through the book. This would not be perfect since every subject would be not the same as the other. The most ideal approach to have an assortment in themes is to have more than one paper for each class.</p><p></p><p>In expansion to ensuring that the peruser gets an opportunity to see the thought and character of the writer, essayists ought to likewise consider the school affirmations process in which they will apply to school. It is essential to make an article that would assist them with getting acknowledged to their preferred school. Composing a topical paper could end up being very hard for the individuals who are inexperienced with the school affirmations process.</p><p></p><p>A normal issue experienced recorded as a hard copy a school confirmations process exposition is having the length of the article excessively long. This is on the grounds that understudies would need to expound regarding a matter for quite a while. Expositions ought to be short, fresh, yet fascinating to make the peruser need to understand more. A significant actuality to remember when composing an article is that it ought not continue for too long.</p><p></p><p>Good papers are constantly founded on explicit themes that are pre-dictated by the school confirmations official. In this manner, there ought to be no issues with regards to composing remarkable subjects. Here are a few hints to be remembered when composing fascinating topics:</p><p></p><p>o Before handling the theme, the point must be picked so that it would fit the topic of the article. This should be possible by investigating the theme on the Internet. Regardless of whether this would take a great deal of time, it would even now be justified, despite all the trouble since the essayist will get familiar with the topic.</p><p></p><p>Today's schools and colleges are centered around making the experience of the candidate something that would support the person in question prevail at a specific school. They are going to focus on what matters as opposed to the sentiments of the individual. Papers that make an imprint in the school affirmations process incorporate those that present the peruser with something intriguing that could assist them with settling on the best choice in regards to their school choices.</p>
Saturday, July 11, 2020
<h1>College Essay Samples Sell Your Essay to College Admissions Committees</h1><p>Looking for school exposition tests offer your article to school entrance advisory boards? Bravo! I've been there, in numerous instances.</p><p></p><p>Many times, when I'm searching for papers for school, I'll be flabbergasted at what number of them I can purchase. There are a huge number of articles accessible, yet in case you're similar to me, you don't have the opportunity to swim through them all. The web makes it extremely simple to purchase all the expositions you requirement for college.</p><p></p><p>To buy the articles, you will either need to utilize word handling programming or pay to have it conveyed straightforwardly to your home. For example, a few spots offer 100 articles for $100.00 - that is actually very cheap and they have extraordinary client care. Additionally, they even give you a great authoritative in the event that you'd like.</p><p></p><p>But are the articles test offer your exposition to school entrance advisory boards or not? They aren't really substandard or worth not exactly the better, increasingly costly ones. They just are unique in relation to others regarding their matter. There is some change in style, substance, and approach that make some great expositions and others incredible instances of writing.</p><p></p><p>If you are searching for school article tests offer your paper to school entrance advisory boards, ensure that they are intriguing, clear, instructive, and locks in. Try not to give these people a wide point, as they are bound to pick the thin subject that intrigues them best.</p><p></p><p>College articles ought to have a proposition explanation that gets over the interests of the paper essayist. That will isolate the good product from the debris. Articles that are not explicit enough regularly are do wnright boring.</p><p></p><p>College papers are composed with expositions. Along these lines, in case you're composing for school, you'll should have the option to pass on thoughts in the most ideal manner conceivable. This implies maintaining a strategic distance from an excessive amount of talking and indicating how your understudies can profit by your ideas.</p><p></p><p>You might need to investigate a portion of the composing tests that you can discover on the web. They are allowed to download, and will assist you with writing your own ideal essay.</p>
Wednesday, July 1, 2020
<h1>Civil Rights Essay Topics</h1><p>The article subject for your social equality course ought to be picked by the points that you find intriguing. In the event that you don't have the foggiest idea where to start, at that point take a gander at the exposition themes that are at present being educated in your neighborhood junior colleges and see what you think might hold any importance with you. You may even need to demand a suggestion from an educator in the school you are keen on with the goal that you can ensure that you're picking a class that is directly for you.</p><p></p><p>Another extraordinary asset to look at would be the web, particularly in the event that you have the opportunity to plunk down and explore some incredible social liberties article points. A portion of the points you can research would incorporate your nation's history, the meaning of social liberties, the different rights that individuals had when they were first co nceded that right, and how that privilege has been tested by others previously. As you keep on exploring your exploration paper themes for social liberties, you will see that there are a great deal of chances that exist so as to assist you with the article that you choose.</p><p></p><p>The objectives that you have set for yourself as an understudy when you take this kind of social liberties investigate subjects course will assist you with finding the zones of the creative cycle that you see as the most troublesome. Obviously there will be a few pieces of the procedure that you feel that you will be ready to manage with no difficulty yet it might be ideal to take a shot at those segments first. Along these lines you can concentrate on the simple segments and stay focused.</p><p></p><p>There are numerous assets that will control you to examine social liberties and furthermore to guarantee that you look into its changed parts so you can c ompose a successful and precise paper. Probably the best spot to watch is to look at the college that you are thinking about joining in. They will have educators who have been prepared to encourage social equality courses and will have the option to assist you with the entirety of your exploration questions and assist you with picking a course that you can be pleased of.</p><p></p><p>These assets will likewise have data on various research and article points that are utilized in getting ready for your social liberties courses. You will be given tips that can assist you with article composing just as with the assets that you should help you in a study hall setting. This can be a significant asset for understudies in a school study hall who need to turn out to be better authors and to turn out to be increasingly certain about their composing abilities.</p><p></p><p>The second best spot to search for data about social equality is on the w eb. There are sites that can give you the tips and the exploration that you have to compose your exposition. You can likewise peruse what different understudies have expounded on this significant piece of the instruction that you will receive.</p><p></p><p>There are additionally school indexes that will give you a rundown of research themes that are accessible in various fields. Investigating social liberties can give you the understanding that you need so as to have the option to figure out which addresses you ought to ask and in which request. There are such huge numbers of good choices out there that it is significant that you don't simply agree to the main research subject that you find, in light of the fact that there are numerous different thoughts that you will need to consider as well.</p><p></p><p>If you are searching for data about social liberties then there are a ton of incredible assets accessible to you. Don't simply disr egard the subject, since this will just restrict your capacity to succeed. Exploit the entirety of the examination instruments that are accessible to you so you can be certain that you are doing everything that you can to get you the information that you should be fruitful with regards to your social liberties research.</p>
Wednesday, June 17, 2020
<h1> The Idiot's Handbook to Proposal Writing Service Explained</h1> <p>You will be given an extensive proposition inside the cutoff time you set yourself, and you should simply settle back and unwind! Compose your proposition using the data you've assembled. You may likewise need to utilize a letter format to make a progressively distinct diagram of the proposition and incorporate it like an introductory letter. The offer proposition layout is used to clarify an answer or administration offered to a supplier is known as a proposition. </p> <p>Payment can be made through a monetary establishment or versatile cash moves. Today, you can demand the example administration for an extra expense of $5. </p> <h2> The Basic Facts of Proposal Writing Service</h2> <p>For occasion, if the proposition will be evaluated by the promoting office, we'll use showcasing language. An examination proposition might be hard to compose dependent on the s pecific necessities, particulars, and the scholarly level of composing. The brilliant strategic plans is an awesome extra to a legislature. Picking an examination proposition composing administration isn't perfect in the occasion the firm neglects to offer outright confirmations that will persuade the student that they're settling on the right decision. </p> <p>Now you have arranged what you'll be writing in your proposition, presently you can start composing your proposition. At the point when you request a Proposal from us, you can be certain you are acquiring a dependable Proposal Writing Service, however what's more premium guide. A venture proposition should adhere to the correct organization. Much of the time, proposition which don't adhere to the essential organization are tossed out quickly, anyway solid their substance is. </p> <p>If you're responsible for composing an examination proposition at that point you're being given an assignment that bunche s of individuals battle with. In the event that you are scanning for proposition composing help, you must comprehend why we are among the absolute best. Writing a proposition overpowers numerous people, however the assignment shouldn't be overwhelming. At last, you will get an exceptionally custom fitted piece of composing that has a place just with you. </p> <h2> Proposal Writing Service</h2> <p>Research proposition composing requires an incredibly explicit style of composing and one that heaps of individuals battle with. Indeed, even the most muddled papers aren't excessively costly in light of the fact that we might want to be sure a common understudy can get quality composing help. Graduate understudies in many colleges across america and different segments of earth require their understudies to form a capstone venture before they are allowed to graduate. </p> <p>The writer of the proposition article should create the peruser believe that the thought spoke to in the content is the truth. Regardless of whether it is an assistance with investigate proposition or you need to get an exposition that requests a lot of innovative reasoning, each task will get a house at Edubirdie. You at that point need to win an outline of whatever you wish to talk about before you begin composing. As a matter of fact, in the event that you're a novice, at that point taking up proficient direction and help with composing an exploration proposition will uncover to you the best approach to ace your scholastic composition and ensure your up and coming composing is altogether improved. </p> <p>Our composing administration isn't expensive. Most of the understudies burn through a lot of time in looking through dependable sources to gather data for their record yet flop in doing this. Anyway, on the off chance that anything isn't clear or if a wide range of data is essential, you realize the best spot to discover us! Regardless of whether you should give a lot of data with respect to your ability to support an endeavor, focus on the client's needs, guidelines and hot catches. </p> <h2>Proposal Writing Service Explained </h2> <p>You may likewise observe work proposition. You may rest simple, our participation will keep being mystery. </p> <p>Custom made research proposition composing is much of the time an obstacle which is hard to defeat since it's unmistakable from papers or research papers. In case you're dithering concerning the noteworthiness of composing research recommendations, attempt to recollect that you may utilize them to your own advantage. On the off chance that you are scanning for look into proposition composing help, you've shown up to the fitting location. As an outcome, you get a tweaked look into suggestion that is a rundown or a succinct review of your future extraordinary research paper. </p> <p>There are loads of things you need to cover in your proposition letter. The specialty of composing a proposition is disguised in the capacity to explain a decent extent of realities in loads of proclamations. It very well may be very difficult to make a proposition. For example, your proposition won't be endorsed should you not sort out sections appropriately and give required data. </p>
Monday, June 8, 2020
Tips For Writing Essays For Custom ServicesWriting an essay for custom services is easier than you think. You don't have to be a great writer in order to write a good essay. With just a little bit of time and practice, you can make the task that much easier. The one thing you should keep in mind is that you must spend some time doing research before you start.First, make sure that you have all the essay requirements so that you can begin. Also, think about how much time you will spend writing your essay. You should spend most of your time on research so that you can prepare. After you have completed all of the required research, sit down with a piece of paper and pen and start writing. Try to avoid reading the paper aloud or listening to it in order to help you focus on your task.You will find that writing essays for custom services is similar to other types of writing. When you are writing, you should start at the beginning. For instance, if you are doing research for an essay for y our boss, you may want to start at the beginning to get an idea of what you should be researching. Use this as your starting point when you begin to write your essay.You will want to do research on certain topics that you will be using in your essay. This way, you can avoid wasting time or resources researching something that is not needed for your research. It will also make your research more thorough because you will have more information to work with.When you have finished researching your essay, the last thing you need to do is create your outline. The outline is the outline of your essay. It will outline the points that you want to make throughout your essay. It should also give you ideas of how long your essay will be.One important aspect of writing an essay for custom services is to make sure that your essay is complete. Even if it is a one page essay, you should still make sure that your topic is covered. By completing your topics, you will save yourself time later on.An im portant aspect of writing an essay for custom services is writing the ending. To help you in this area, you should use bullet points. This will allow you to put all of the information in one sentence.If you want to write an essay for custom services, there are a few tips that you should keep in mind. One of them is that you should spend some time researching your topic. You should also avoid doing any research that you don't need to do.
Friday, May 29, 2020
Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) was a writer whose homoerotic texts pushed the social boundaries of the Victorian era. Born to a family of unabashed Irish agnostics, the self-proclaimed dandy valued art, fashion, and all things physically beautiful. After receiving a comprehensive education from Oxford, Wilde made a name for himself in London first as a novelist, penning the now famous The Picture of Dorian Gray. A string of successful plays followed, among them The Importance of Being Earnest and An Ideal Husband. Wilde also published a variety of short stories and essays, but is acclaimed by historians for his pioneering influence over the aesthetic movement, aprogression that opposed the accepted Victorian take on art in everyway, shape, and form. Wilde postulated that art existed solely foritself, only for the sake of being art. His play The Decay of Lyingexemplified this tenet best, personifying his distaste for societys proclivities through a conversation between two people in a park.Though he fathered two sons, Wildes marriage fizzled as his personallife continuously hinted at homosexuality. Wildes inability to keephis private life secret proved to be his downfall; a love affair with aprominent nobleman resulted in Wildes imprisonment and expulsion from British social circles. Victorian Britain became increasingly morally rigid, its period marking a time when Britain was experiencing a growthin imperialism and conservative thought. While serving his term for homosexual acts, Wilde wrote the deeply spiritual De Profund is, inwhich he discussed his aspirations of individuality and freedom from the proprietary values that bound late Victorian society. An avant-garde writer and raconteur, Wildes sexuality had a profound effect on his works, influencing imagery and the nature of his characters in both The Picture of Dorian Gray and The Importance of Being Earnest. Wildes sexuality and effeminate nature shaped his relations to aestheticism, which in turn manifested itself in his works moral implications. Wilde frequently employed thinly disguised doubles, representing himself in his work in order to juxtapose anaesthete and a traditionally Victorian society. Wildes aesthetics arestrangely connected to his obsession with Jesus Christ. It is peculiarthat such an unorthodox figure such as Wilde would find so much solaceand inspiration from such a religious source. In De Profundis, Wildes admiration for and comparison with Jesus takes on many levels. Helikens his persecution to Jesus crucifixion, a notion that evokeshubris, especially given Wildes naturally flamboyant disposition.Though not entirely humble, Wildes comparisons are based m ore on parallels drawn between Wildes persecution and the events leading to Jesus martyrdom. Many speculate Wildes eventual baptism and acceptance of Catholicism was a manifestation of imminent deaths madness as the famed author was too radical to accept religion withinthe boundaries of sanity. However, there are critics who contend that Wilde was very much in the mainstream of the intellectual currents of his time, a man clearly aware of what he was trying to achieve in terms of his life and art; in the end, he was willing to accept his newfoundstatus as a pariah, provided he could still create plays and prose. Considered by many to be the most outrageous trial of the century, Wildes fall from grace was so indicative of his progression and the significance of his unique works set in a time between the Victorianera and the modern age (Hoare 4). Wildes persecution reflected aclash of morals and ideals not unlike those faced by the protagonists of his novels. Wildes trial mimicked his imaginative fiction: it was a clash of opposites: of good versus evil, of heterosexualand homosexual, of masculine and feminine, of the safe and thedangerous, of what was seen as morally right or morally wrong (Hoare4). Homosexualitys Influence in The Picture of Dorian Gray and The Importance of Being Earnest Wildes homosexuality had a profound influence over his work. His own experiences and relationships are projected into The Picture of Dorian Gray, and it is widely speculated that the characters Basil, Lord Henry, and Dorian are different aspects of Wilde himself. Wilde wrotethat Basil is how I see myself, Lord Henry how the world sees me, and Dorian how I would like to be (Ericksen 101). The controversy behind The Picture of Dorian Gray was based in the extreme homoeroticism ofthe characters interaction; it is easy to see how Wildes writing elicited such a reaction. The male relationships are surely suggestiveenough to stir even the most open-minded in the Victorian era. Wildessexuality affected the structure of the relationships as well, opening the book with the making of a homosexual love triangle involving Basil,Dorian, and Lord Henry. Basils painting is intimately connected with his adulation of Dorians physical beauty. Dorian, in turn, adores LordHenry, a man of stature who int roduces him into a new coterie. LordHenry, in turn, adores Dorians physical beauty but also his relativeinnocence and the opportunity to mold him into the type of Victoriansocialite everyone will adore. The novel opens with Basils overstated obsession with Dorians goodlooks. Basils sentiments, however, are undeniably romantic. As he paints his masterpiece, Basil is described as looking wistfully at the canvas, a smile of pleasure passing across his face as he lingersover the image he created (Wilde 1962, 20). In the case Basils day dreaming was too speculative a conclusion to make, Wilde provided his readers with interaction between Basil and Lord Henry sufficient enough to establish a romantic attraction for Dorian inside Basil. WhenLord Henry walks into Basils studio, Basil plans on keeping hissubjects identity a secret out of jealousy. Basil immensely likesDorian, and has grown to love secrecy as it ensures that he will nothave to share Dorian with Lord Henry (Wilde 1962, 22). Though it islater discovered that Basil is concerned that Lord Henry will corruptDorian with his cynicism and overdeveloped penchant for amorality, Basil is extremely protective of a man who he has befriend ed solely onthe basis of his physical appearance. He describes to Lord Henry how upon seeing Dorian for the first time his face grew pale, knowing hemet someone whose mere personality was so fascinating that [it could]absorb him if he allowed it (Wilde 1962, 24). Wildes homosexuality is significantly influential not just over thecourse of the plot, but also in the development of characterrelationships. Lord Henrys attraction to Dorian Gray is multi-tiered. Half the attraction to Dorian is on account of his youth, a possiblereflection of Wildes relationship with younger men. The other half o fLord Henrys attraction to Dorian is his ability to mold Dorian into alike-minded socialite, a member of his New Hedonist group. However,Lord Henrys attraction, like Basils is undeniably romantic in nature.Though Lord Henry finds Dorian attractive, Dorians hold over LordHenry does not fully take root until after Basil rambles on and onabout his curious idolatry he has developed, and how he couldnt behappy if he didnt see Dorian everyday; Lord Henry takes seriousnotice of Dorian after Basil confides that he finds the young man to beabsolutely necessary to Basils life (Wilde 1962, 27). Wilde developsLord Henry in this way to stress his association with socie ty at large;most people are not loved by everyone unless they are first loved by afew. Society, Wilde argues, will love whom it is deemed fashionable tolove. Following Basils affirmations and affections, Lord Henryobserves the young Adonis [made out of] ivory as wonderfullyhandsome, with his finely curved, scarlet lips, his frank blue eyes,his crisp gold hair; it comes to no wonder why Basil worshipped him(Wilde 1962, 33). The love triangle develops past Basils death; evenDorian finds himself attracted to Lord Henry. A peculiar observation isDorians loss of composure after observing Lord Henrys romantic,olive-colored face and warm expression; Wilde writes that Dorian is indisbelief at his trepidation upon meeting Lord Henry (Wilde 1962, 38).After all, Dorian is not a schoolboy or a girl (Wilde 1962, 39). As Wildes homosexuality became more apparent, he began leading doublelives. One of his lives was socially acceptable, as society perceived him as a married man with two sons. His other life was one spent amongmale prostitutes, renting houses outside London in which he would haveextramarital, homosexual affairs. The incredible restriction Wildefaced was more because of his homosexuality than his maritalinfidelity. In leading his double lives, Wilde designed four charactersin The Importance of Being Earnest to exude differing degrees ofduality. The multiple personas were a reflection of the masks Wildeused as a means of personal adjustment, a prevailing theme among thefour characters (Ericksen 151). The first character is Jack Worthing, aresponsible man typical of the Victorian era. The legal guardian of ayoung woman, Jack finds it to be increasingly difficult to enjoyhimself through the minor indiscretions that provide the average youngman with such entertainment. As a result of his g uarded nature, Jackcreates his double, an alter ego he claims as his younger brother, whomhe names Ernest. When Jack leaves the country and his responsibilities,he becomes Ernest, a mischievous character in contrast to the composed,model citizen Jack. The second character is Algernon Moncrieff, friendto Jack Worthing and first cousin to the woman Jack intends to wed. Algernon also leads a double life, though his double life involves animaginary friend of sort, a man whom he names Bunbury. The thirdcharacter Wilde incorporates is Gwendolen Fairfax, the object of Jacksaffection. Though she accedes to her mothers will in public, Gwendolenrebels in private, pursuing Ernest without her mothers consent.After Jack plans to wed Gwendolen, she mentions she cannot marry a manwhose name is not Ernest; this creates quite the dilemma for Jack, ashe had originally planned to kill Ernest with another fabrication.The final character, Cecily Cardew, is a ward under her guardian, JackWorthing. Tutore d in the country, Cecily longs for a life outside hercountry estate, falling in love with the deviant Algernon. The doubles are a forward testament to Wildes life as a homosexual inVictorian London. As a Jack among his peers and Ernest among hislovers, Wilde is best personified in Algernon, though is present inboth Jack and Algernon as they are constructed on similar principlesand ideas (Ericksen 151). Both Jack and Algernon lead double lives,hence the similar principles and ideas. However, where Jack andAlgernon differ is the nature of their double lives. Jacks alter ego,Ernest, is someone whom he actually becomes upon entering town.Algernon, on the other hand, claims to be visiting Bunbury, hisimaginary ego. Algernon remains the same; the only thing that changesis his behavior. While both Algernon and Jack are sophisticated men ofthe world, only Jack finds the need to change his identity and life ashe shifts social circles (Ericksen 152). Like the socially accepted individuals in Victorian society, Jack isrigid, morally sound, and never deviant. Initially known to Algernon asErnest, Jacks transformation is almost instant as Algernon reveals hisknowledge of Ernest/Jacks deviance with names. Ernest is wistful andmadly in love with Gwendolen until his true ego, Jack, is revealed. Assoon as Algernon shows Jack/Ernest the cigarette case, Jack showshimself, pointing out how ungentlemanly [a thing it is] to read aprivate cigarette case (Wilde 2005, 12). Algernon, now Jacks foilfollowing Ernests departure, retorts with an epigram truly reminiscentof a dandy, stating the [absurdity in] having hard and fast rules(Wilde 2005, 12). The two characters play off each other from the verybeginning, revealing their intentions. Algernon remains the deviant,bored with his surroundings and endless cucumber sandwiches (Wilde2005, 4). Jack leaves to indulge in the sort of behavior from which heis restricted as he is responsible for Cecily. Like Wilde, who has afamily of his own, Jack cannot overindulge without risking social harmto his family. Ernest, then, is a double play on words; in indulgingones earnest, or true self, one escapes the constrictive Victoriansociety of moral and social obligations. Wildes aim here is to escapethe Victorian moral code, returning to the Hellenistic antiquity ofmale relationships. Strangely, most everyone except Jack longs to see or meet Ernest.Algernon himself assumes the identity of Earnest in his quest to meetCecily. Much to Jacks chagrin, Algernon decides to assume the identityof Algernon simply out of curiosity. Algernon has no ulterior motives;he wants to be Ernest just to be Ernest, a reflection of Wildespredisposition toward universal simplicity. Cecily also longs to meetErnest, as she has heard of his antics and looks forward to a relativeseveral degrees less rigid than her estranged guardian. Gwendolen ismadly in love with Ernest partly due to her empathy for Jacksupbringing, and partly because of her obsession with his name. ThroughErnest, Wilde reveals his wishes of acceptance; he wants people todesire his homosexual identity and accept him not in spite of it, butbecause of it. Victorian values were imposed on every part of culture. Because of thegreat successes and advances felt by the 1860s, it was assumed that thethrone had arrived at something new and worth keeping. An increasinglyprudish era, the Victorian, puritanical movement required that all arthave purpose. Whether to emulate a person, place, or event, art neededa reason to exist. It could be veneration of the object, veneration ofthe genre, or even veneration of the artist, but all art, including thewritten word, was subject to the Victorian standard if it was to beaccepted by the general public. Like so many other movements, theVictorians were faced with the concept that art existed for art, thatits sole end is itself and nothing more. While many mistakenly attribute this movement to Wilde, he in fact didnot create aestheticism, he was merely its vehicle (Gaunt 119). As anIrishman, it was only natural that Wilde would be the catalyst for sucha movement. Ireland was still relatively free of the imperialistexpansion, allowing for a medium of trade most of England could notmatch. Wilde, after all, was not from the industrial wastelands ofLiverpool, Manchester, or London. He was from the dingy magnificenceof Dublin (Gaunt 119). Wildes aesthetics are rooted in his education, primarily hispreoccupation with Hellenistic Greece and the old texts involving malerelationships. When searching for the concept of beauty, he might havegotten his ideas from the great 6th century Hellas, where Wildeperceived the triumph of Greece and great civilization was itscreation and representation of a supreme form of beauty (Gaunt 120).The ancient Greeks may have appealed most to Wilde because of the highpremium they put on male-male relationships. Viewed as the most pure ofall loves, homosexual male love was venerated by great leaders as wellas scholars. The king of the gods and Mount Olympus, Zeus, was known tohave a male lover, a young shepherd by the name of Ganymede. Contrary to the Victorians, who had inherited a set of religiousbeliefs based on faith rather than reason, Wilde had no concretereligious beliefs at all (Ericksen 19). The Aesthetic Movement, ofwhich Wilde was soon to become the representative figure, wasessentially a reaction against the ascendance of Philistinism in artand life (Ericksen 19). Wilde was determined to cultivate his ownindividual impressions of the world (Ericksen 19). Though he quicklybecame the most prominent aesthete, Wildes views were not unique. Hehad previously traveled to France, where he met with names such as deGoncourt, Flaubert, and Huysman, who showed him the depth of sufferingas beauty. After Wilde settled in London in the 80s, he began toshowcase his aestheticism, sporting garb such as plum-coloredvelveteen knickerbockers with perhaps a soft loose shirt and a wideturned-down collar (Ericksen 21). Wilde advocated art as having intrinsic, immeasurable value. Unlike theVictorian stance, art did not have to feature a moral code, teach alesson, or exist as a monument to an ideal supporting morals. Art isart, and exists only to exist for itself. For example, paintings of theLast Supper, though beautiful, existed to be a testament to Jesus orChristianity. Wildes Aestheticism would interpret the Last Supper toexist solely for the purpose of being a beautiful painting. The colors,shapes, and figures would be the central focus as they would representbeauty; the connotation behind twelve disciples sitting around asolitary figure would be dismissible. Wildes sexuality ties indirectlyto the concept of art; one of the reasons Wilde advocated theaforementioned moral system was his relation of the system toantiquity. Homosexual union was not a defiled perversion; Wilde arguedthat it was a sign of progress, like aestheticism. Aestheticism andhomosexuality would be placed in the same context a s other time periodssuch as Hellenistic Greece, Classical Italy (Michelangelo), andShakespearean England. The aforementioned periods involve theperfection of the male form; Wilde believed himself to be in line withthe traditions of old because of his Oxford rearing. Hellenisticaesthetic coincided with Wildes sexuality and his aesthetic movementin the shared view that the male form was the most beautiful.Homosexual relationships were therefore considered an act of beauty,the most revered form of affection possible. Wildes The Decay of Lying is a multi-page testament to his belief inarts greater purpose as having no such purpose. Essentially anextended metaphor for the ill consequences of turning art into amathematical measure, The Decay of Lying describes lying and poetryas arts (Wilde 1997, 7). The metaphor continues, equating art with anexaggeration of reality. True art, Wilde argues through theprotagonists Cyril and Vivian, is so abstract that the real becomesunreadable (Wilde 1997, 13). The nature of art and beauty is soabstract that nature and life are meant to imitate it. The dangers of regarding art as a moral calculus are detailed in ThePicture of Dorian Gray. The strange stasis in which Dorian findshimselfÃ¢â¬âthe state where his self-portrait shows his aging and thenegative effects of his actionsÃ¢â¬âis a wonderful example of Wildesaesthetics in motion. The story unfolds as Dorian is sitting in frontof Basil; Basil is seen pondering the sheer physical beauty of thescene in front of him. The true aesthetic, Basil seeks out thebeautiful solely because it is beautiful. He becomes enamored withDorian only because of his beauty. On the other hand, Lord Henry findsDorian irresistible because of the potential socialite he sees in amind that has yet to be molded. Basil the aesthete warns Lord Henry,imploring him not to make a cynic out of something beautiful; in thiscase, Basil is ultimately requesting Lord Henry to take caution in hisapproach to Dorian. Basil wants to preserve Dorian the way he isbecause he finds him beautiful, where Lord Henry wan ts access toDorians private time so he can mold something new and different.Dorian becomes a work of art, manipulated by Lord Henry, killing Basil,the aesthete. Later in the novel, Lord Henry gives Dorian a yellow book, one with notitle that is presumably about art and philosophy (Ericksen 115).Dorian becomes obsessed, using it as a Bible with which he leads hiswhole life. In the end, Dorian dies, having gone mad. This is anunequivocal warning from Wilde to those who would pervert the course ofart (Victorians). Wilde shows the reader what happens when art is takenout of context and into a completely inappropriate light. Moreover, itshows how damaging the Victorian approach is; Dorian is unable tochange his ways. Shortly after his inhuman treatment of Sibyl, heattempts to reform, only to find the painting smirking back at him.This is a reflection of the unyielding nature of Victorian society; itis a reflection of Wildes suffocation and inability to move freely,creatively, or inspirationally in the context of British society at theclose of the 19th century. Just like Dorian, Wilde cannot expresshimself freely; though he had a chance in the beg inning of the novel,Dorian did not follow the poor artist Basil. He instead opted toconform to the higher-ranking Lord Henry, whose coterie led Dorian tohis death. Once in the clutches of Lord Henry, Dorian was fullysupplicated to the mercy of his manipulator. Lord Henry almostimmediately changes in his affections for Dorian, the extremedifferences being Dorians perception as an Adonis in the beginningand as an unrecognizable, withered, man who is unidentifiable untilthey check his rings. Wildes third play, An Ideal Husband makes use of the witty banterknown as epigrams to reveal the darker side of Victorian values in atongue-and-cheek fashion. The whole play is an epigram of sorts,exemplifying the imperfections of the Victorian bourgeois by mockinglyportraying the inefficacy of their incorporation into Wildes idealsociety. The traditional Victorian values Wilde mocks in An IdealHusband are devotion, forgiveness, sacrifice, loyalty, moralintegrity, and a composed disposition, all traits that Wilde subvertsin his character portrayals. Though Sir Robert, the ideal husband,finds himself at the disadvantageous end of blackmail, his past doesnot warrant Wilde to present him as vile or duplicitous, as Lord Goringpostulates to Lady Chiltern that every man of every nature [has]elements of weakness (Wilde 2004, 27). The play, however, becomescentered around a conflict caused by [Lady Chilterns] unyieldingmoral rigidity (Ericksen 142). Sir Robert faces a moral dilemma in hiscop ing with Mrs. Cheveleys blackmail. Wilde makes a useful point inthe Sir Roberts circumstances; on one hand, Sir Robert is faced withmaking public his dark and relatively shameful past, thereineffectively nullifying Mrs. Cheveleys threats. On the other, he mustdeal with a Puritanical wife who cannot forgive anyone who has done awicked or shameful deed, including Sir Roberts possible complicity(Ericksen 141). Would an ideal husband accede to the blackmail, thereindenying his wifes request to challenge Mrs. Cheveley? In either event,Sir Roberts relationship is put in jeopardy. He can either lie to hiswife, giving in to Mrs. Cheveley and compromising his marriage, or hecan make his past public domain, marring the perfect public image hiswife so treasures. Ironically, the couples social coterie perceivesSir Robert as the ideal mate, a man who, until his blackmail, was knownfor his impeccable reputation. Even his private life with Lady Chilternwas blissfully free of blemishes. Sir Roberts reputation andrelationship with his wife, however, could have been saved by a simplelie. Had he never revealed the truth to his wife and given in to Mrs.Cheveley, giving in to her will, Lady Chiltern wouldnt have been oneto know the better. An ideal husband in this case would therefore lie;for Wilde, the Victorian moral impetus lies not with adhering to thetraditional values, but rather in maintaining the facade of keepingvalues in general. Ironically, Lady Chiltern learns of her husbandspast all the same, [castigating] him and [rejecting] his please forforgiveness (Ericksen 141). No amount of marital maneuvering can spareSir Robert. In the end, it is Lord Goring who confronts Mrs. Cheveleyabout Sir Roberts blackmail; he is the only empowered character as hespeaks and acts under no false pretenses. While he is far from perfect,chastised by his father for dancing until four oclock in themorning, Lord Goring is Wildes idealistÃ¢â¬âhe is an art lover, whosewitty repartee is surpass ed only by his willingness to fight Mrs.Cheveley. One of Wildes most effective comic devices is his employment ofepigrams, and more comical still is his utilization of Vicomte deNanjacs malapropisms. The French AttachÃ © in London, Nanjac representsWildes interpretation of those not fortunate enough to be born elite;Nanjac is easily recognized by his adoration of society and hisAnglomania (Wilde 2004, 4). His malapropisms are a reflection of thesad attempts of many to engage in epigramic banter, the object of LordGorings successful use of epigram. A ridiculing character, WildesNanjac is one whose blind aspiration to join a society hampers hisvision and taste, therein earning him the scorn of the more capableLord Goring. Wildes assault on the Victorian bourgeois is personified best by theduality of his characters. Sir Robert, for example, presents a publicmask of absolute personal integrity but has actually built his fortuneand career upon a deception (Ericksen 144). An almost hero, Sir Robertis a manifestation of Wildes implications regarding a relativelyinnocent mans subjugation under society. Lord Arnheim, Sir Robertsformer co-conspirator, first seduces Sir Robert with his doctrine ofwealth, elucidating his view that controlling others is lifesgreatest attribute (Ericksen 142). Mrs. Cheveley displays this best asLord Arnheims theoretical protÃ ©gÃ ©e; the two are almost Machiavellianin their manipulation (Ericksen 145). Where Lord Arnheim seduced SirRobert by playing to the discrepancy between his noble birth and modestfinancial holdings, Mrs. Cheveley is absolutely ruthless in herwillingness to wreak havoc on all aspects of Sir Roberts married lifein order to secure her investments. In his surr ender to the wills ofthe two manipulators, Sir Robert becomes an ideal human, one whoseproclivity to err alienates him from society. By succumbing to the twoprominent materialists, Sir Robert embodies Wildes disdain for thefinancial drive of Victorian social coteries; contrary to theart-collecting Sir Robert, the female villain has no pleasures outsidecontrol and exploitation. Wilde addresses the lack of humanity in Victorian society, personifiedby the promulgation of perfection among the social elite. In the firstAct, Mrs. Marchmont and Lady Basildon discuss their unfortunate maritalsituation. Lord Goring notes they are married to the most admirablehusbands in London, to which Mrs. Marchmont responds that theirhusbands perfection is exactly what [they cant stand]; there isnot the smallest element of excitement in knowing [them] (Wilde 2004,10). In this sense, the true Sir Robert, the one susceptible tosuggestion and whose past compromises his future, becomes the idealhusband. Wilde suggests all Victorians wear masks, alternate identitiesthat shield them from being human and enjoying existence. The idealmarriage is manifested best by the speculative union of Mabel Chilternand Lord Goring, who at the plays close reject the common Victorianroles and morals previously discussed. Wildes Victorian surroundings were instrumental in his development ofaesthetics, but were unfortunately not tolerant of his private life. Acontroversial figure, Wilde was homosexual, and had an ongoing affairwith a younger nobleman by the name of Lord Alfred Douglas. LordDouglas father, enraged at his sons homosexual relationship withWilde, accused Wilde of being a sodomite, a grave offense in GreatBritain at the time. Though acquitted in his first of two trials, Wildewas later sentenced to serve two years hard labor on theaforementioned charges. First imprisoned in Londons Wandsworth prison,Wilde was denied pen and paper until his transfer to Reading Gaol,where he eventually wrote De Profundis. While Wilde revealed hisfascination with the figure of Christ [throughout] his literary career,only in De Profundis did he actually make [Christ] a part of hisaesthetic system (Ericksen 156). A dramatic monologue on spiritualityand society, De Profundis features several metaphors likening Wil de toChrist. Wilde felt his unjust imprisonment made him a martyr; uponinitial circulation of rumors regarding his sexuality, Wilde could haveleft London for France, therein spared persecution. Unlike Hamlet, whobecame a spectator to his own tragedy, Wilde the Christ-figureactively sought out what he perceived as his end (Wilde 2003, 28).Where Christ accepted his fate for the benefit of mankind, Wilde was aself-convinced saint and martyr for art and what he perceived to be thethreatened aesthetic movement. Having passed through every mode ofsuffering, Wilde was convinced that his redemption would be realizedthrough his incarceration and subsequent release, upon which his newfound humility would help him rise again (Wilde 2003, 4). Just asmankind would redeem itself through the trial and crucifixion of Jesus,Wilde felt society would be redeemed through his incarceration. Hecontinued, developing his incarceration to salvation, likeninggreatness to requisite sorrow. Wilde admired Jesus for having realizedhis calling as being completed, reaching fulfillment upon its end(Wilde 2003, 19). Marveling at his situation, Wilde mused on theincredulity of a young Galilean peasant imagining that he could bearon his shoulders the weight of the world, including all the worldspast sins as well as what had yet to be done and suffered (Wilde2003, 13). Jesus death and resurrection was that toward which Wildeaspired, conceding that imprisonment was most likely an act ofretribution for the fanciful and carefree life he led previously.Incarceration, then, was Wildes means of atoning for the errant lifehe might possibly have led upon his release. He hoped his relationshipwith Lord Douglas would be forgiven, and longed for societysacceptance. Wilde could claim on [his] side that if [he realized] what[he had] suffered, society should realize what it [had] in turninflicted; with a mutual cognizance shared between Wilde and society,he hoped there would be no bitterness or hate on either side (Wilde2003, 7). Just as Jesus attempted to win over his captors andaggressors through his death and resurrection, Wilde hoped to pacifysocietys enmity by paying his social dues in prison. Wilde evenlikened the course of his lifes events to those leading up to Jesusmartyrdom. For example, Jesus was given direction by God the Father andcondemned by Man. Wilde, in turn, ascribes the two great turningpoints in [his] life as when his father sent [him] to Oxford, andwhen society sent [him] to jail (Wilde 2003, 6). Wildes foreknowledgeof an impending criminal proceeding did not dissuade him, just as thedisciples could not sway Jesus acceptance and willingness to die onthe cross. Neither Wilde nor Jesus could ignore their calling, nomatter the grisly end. As a sinner, Wilde conceded that he had toaccept the fact that martyrs were equally persecuted for the good aswell as for the evil committed (Wilde 2003, 7). However similar to Jesus Wilde would assert himself to be, there weredefinite discrepancies in De Profundis that could testify to Wilde asan admirer of Jesus rather than his attempted emulator. Wildepostulated that Jesus saw Man in the same fashion as the aestheticmovement saw art; Man existed simply to exist. Wilde wrote that Christregarded sin and suffering as being [beautiful] in and of themselves,that such a notion was the dangerous idea that led Christ to hisdemise (Ericksen 157). Just like Christ, Wildes own dangerous ideathat ran against the Victorian grain was what led to his downfall.Wilde also saw his imprisonment as a period of transition. Hisindictment of the Greek gods as deities emulating humans indicatedhislife prior to imprisonment; Wilde labeled the Olympian gods as ableto reach greater heights (Wilde 2003, 17). Each Olympian representeddifferent aspects of humanity that, when indulged by Wilde, resulted inincarceration. In his simile, Wilde indirectly likens himself to eachgods moral flaws. He lauds Zeus for not being able to resist mortalmans daughters and Hera for her pride and peacocks, a catharticevaluation of the Victorian bourgeois who imprisoned him (Wilde 2003,17). Wilde also attributes his former peers to Apollo and Athena, eachof whom failed to forgive. Apollo slaughtered the mortal Niobes sons,leaving Niobe childless for her hubris in claiming her childrenrivaled the offspring of Leto (the mother of Apollo and Artemis);Athena turned Arachne into a spider for having claimed to be moreskilled with the loom than the goddess of wisdom and crafts (Wilde2003, 17). In describing the society that bore him, Wilde becomesimperfect, as his reformation requires penance as a medium of change.By attributing himself and his society to the Greek gods, Wildedifferentiates himself from Jesus. Jesus never required crucifixion toattain perfectionÃ¢â¬âhe was born perfect and lived without sin. Wilde, onthe other hand, is punished not on behalf of ano ther (though it can besurmised that his imprisonment kept the young, impressionable LordDouglas out of jail), but for his own social transgressions. Wilde alsoheld great contempt for Lord Douglas, as De Profundis was more ascathing letter from a jilted lover than a philosophical testament toWildes self-improvement. Wilde often lamented his situation, spitefulthat for him, the beautiful world of color and motion [had] been takenaway, while Bosie (Lord Douglas) walked free among the flowers(Gardiner 145). De Profundis becomes conciliatory towards its end,however, as Wilde follows through with his original assessment thatterrible was what the world did to [him], but worse still was what[he] did to [himself] (Wilde 2003, 3). Unlike Jesus, Wilde is somewhatself-hating, embittered by his social persecution despite his greatcontributions in the aesthetic movement. His imprisonment wasultimately brought on by his own charges; following his falling outwith the Marquess of Queensbury (Lord Do uglas father), Wilde pressedlibel charges and lost, opening himself up to legal scrutiny. In theend, it was his own defense that cost him his freedom, unlike Jesus wholived to die, fully cognizant of an inescapable fate. Though heexperienced a form of martyrdom, Wildes self-comparisons to Jesus arelimited, and he shifts from indirectly likening his life and its recentevents to those of Jesus to aspiring to become Jesus-like (in essence,more Christian). Rather than claim to follow in Jesus footsteps, Wildepurports that he has suffered just as Jesus suffered, and in doing sobecame a better man just as Jesus did. Wilde claims to have become adeeper man is the privilege of those who have suffered (Wilde 2003,21). Despite Wildes De Profundis presentation of himself as Jesus,there are a great number of instances that involve his own supplicationbefore and admiration of Jesus as opposed to his presumption ofequality with Jesus. Wilde admires Christ for his refusal to stone MaryMagdalene, b ringing shame on her persecutorsin his statement suggesting that those without sin cast the stones tocondemn her. In his tirade against the Victorian bourgeois, Wilde alsovenerates Christ for advocating the poor; Wilde described prison assomething that earns sympathy from the poor and earns the rich thestatus of pariah (Wilde 2003, 2). The poor, Wilde argued, were asimpler people who were closer to perfection. Jesus, after all, was notborn rich, but the son of a poor carpenter. In the waning years of hisimprisonment, Wilde began to consider his incarcerated state as areturn to simplicity, and in simplicity becoming closer to perfection. Wildes comparison to Christ was perhaps overtaken by the method inwhich he transformed Christ, reinterpreting him as an artisticpersonality (Ericksen 156). It is odd that Wilde would place Jesus onsuch a pedestal, as he remained an avowed agnostic until the twilightof his life. In fact, Wilde goes out of his way to denigrate theChristian faithful to a degree, describing his faith as somethingsuperior because it is tangible, that his gods dwell in temples madewith hands; Wilde asserts that only within [actual] experience is[his] life complete (Wilde 2003, 5). Wildes adulation could also beconstrued as a comparison of himself with Christ as a purely literaryfigure; his assertions were not hubris, but merely the lamentations ofa writer recognizing a universally acclaimed protagonist in the worldsmost renowned tragedy. By placing Jesus in the context of a literaryfigure rather than reading Wildes comparisons from a religiousperspective, the reader is further able to understand the contex t inwhich Wilde worked. Wilde never deified himself, though he did perceivehimself as a defiant artist intensely conscious of his cultural roleas an innovator of art (Erickson 13). De Profundis waivers between theveneration of Christ and the open advocating of agnostics, with Wildeoften professing that agnosticism has its martyrs and should reap itssaints just as Christianity has (Wilde 2003, 5). In this respect,Wilde transcends the figure of Jesus in his simplicity; Jesus deathand the events of his life were a leap of faith, whereas Wildes beliefsystem and his life, cultural contributions, scandals, and downfallwere historically documented. His actual experiences previouslydiscussed were in themselves defined as real in their sorrow. For a manwhose fop and dandy were all encompassing, Wildes redemption wouldnot be nearly as invigorating as that of Christ (Gardiner 15). WhereChrist was promised a seat at the right hand of God Himself, Wildesfuture upon release was one of almost guar anteed estrangement. Wildes homoerotic imagery and context are unique; they served as aneffective device in the establishment of Dorian as both an evilcharacter and one manipulated by another. The homoeroticism, forexample, first serves to establish Dorian in a protective love affairwith Basil, where Dorian is portrayed as innocent, his face bright withthe naÃ ¯vetÃ © that can only be attributed to youth. That Dorian is drawnto Lord Henry in a sexual manner makes his fall from grace all the moredecadent, giving the reader the impression that Dorian was stolenaway from the clutches of youthful exuberance. Without the homoeroticsubtext, there would be no logical explanation for Lord Henrysattraction to Dorian, or Dorians willingness to follow Lord Henry.Though Dorian could be portrayed as having left Basil behind so as toaspire to greater social heights, the manner in which Wilde useshomosexual tensions prompts the reader to make different conclusions,ones that are steeped in suspicion and communicated i n whispers. Thetaboo of same-sex relationships is cast aside with the introduction ofSybil, but it remains in the back of the readers mind, solidified byseveral characters effeminate preoccupation with physical beauty.Wildes own sexuality manifests itself in three stages among the threemale characters; first, the image of Basil, the affirmed homosexual wholives a detached life. Second is the image of Lord Henry, the privatehomosexual who is an irrevocable face in the local coterie. Third isthe image of Dorian, who begins innocently, but upon realization of hishomosexuality and his attempt to become assimilated into societyperishes against his own will. Wildes sexuality is thereforeinstrumental in The Picture of Dorian Gray. The Importance of Being Earnest is a reflection of Wildes duality;contrary to Dorian, who cannot exist detached from or assimilated intosociety, Jack is an amalgamation of Basil and Lord Henry. His dual lifeis revealed, but only by another who also wishes to take part in socialduplicity. In The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde communicates theimpetus of self-truth as a panacea for unhappiness. Both Algernon andJack are happiest as Ernest as they are free to act as they wish.Unhampered by the Victorian society that constricts them, the twoerstwhile-Ernests move, speak, and do as they please. The elaboratelengths to which Jack resorts is a reflection of the life Wilde musthave led behind his familys back; when Jack assumes the role ofErnest, he risks crossing his stories, getting his two livesintertwined in the form of Cecily and Gwendolen meeting. Here, Wildessexuality affects both Algernon, the representation of the dandy andfop, and Jack, whose secret life is a metaphor for homose xualityrepressed. Both are hampered by Victorian restrictions; Algernon facedthe shirking of his familial duties, whereas Jack had to remain a modelindividual for his supposedly sheltered ward to follow. Only Jack is inperil of being discovered, however; Wilde attempts to communicate theimportance of being true to ones self, as Jack is the only characterof the two men to assume an entirely new identity. As Algernon uses hisfabricated person as an excuse to leave his surroundings, he is neverput into the same dilemmas as Jack. In the case of The Importance of Being Earnest, Wildes sexual constraint was an important factor inanalyzing the play. Wildes aestheticism was highly influenced by his sexuality. Heapproached aestheticism the same way he approached his male relations,perceiving art simply to observe beauty. Beauty to Wilde is exactlywhat Dorian was to Basil; beauty was a necessity, something Wilde couldnot do without. In his attempts to articulate aesthetics, Wilde mayhave gotten lost in his purpose. Victorian thought was the standardagainst which to rebel, begging the question of Wildes motives. Washis aesthetic perspective a manifestation of a new dimension of hisanti-Victorian sentiment? Wilde often satirized other aesthetics,claiming that he would only attack the unmanly oddities whichmasquerade in its likeness (Gardiner 43). The irony behind Wildessatirizing contention is that determining those who are unmanlyoddities requires the same logical selection process as mandated byVictorian interpretation. For example, a Victorian observing art wouldemploy criterion to evaluate the piece as a decent work of art.Simila rly, Wildes decision as to what constitutes aesthetic thoughtwould require criterion to evaluate the thought or work purported to bepart of the aesthetic movement. While Wildes sexuality was onlyeffectively used to correlate Hellenistic antiquity, it still wasuseful in understanding the shift in perception. Whether or not Wildecame to the conclusion that the Victorian system was inferior,subsequently adopting aestheticism is a different instance than Wildeadopting aestheticism solely to oppose the Victorian system. Moral implications are much more concrete than art interpretation; inAn Ideal Husband, Wilde does not attempt to spoon-feed his audiencehomoerotic suggestion. Instead, Wilde focuses on Victorian society as awhole, portraying it in the superficial light he felt appropriate. ThePuritanical attitudes relayed by Lady Chiltern are portrayed asimpossible standards. The ideal husband is then the imperfect,unpredictable man who concedes to his own weaknesses. This is bestevidenced by Wildes warmer tone toward Lady Basildon and Mrs.Marchmont, an almost sympathetic tone to their plight of drab husbandsand perfect marriages. Wildes sexuality does not traditionally comeinto play. However, when perceiving homosexuality as an imperfectionPuritan society shuns, Wildes sexuality fits well but lacks thecreative outlet to fully present itself as a viable factor. Thoughsexuality was an important part of Wildes works, it was notinstrumental in the proprietary An Ideal Husband. However, Wilde didsuccessf ully present himself in the form of Lord Goring, the dandy ofthe play. Moral implications in An Ideal Husband had little do withsexuality, but had everything to do with Wildes disdain of theVictorian bourgeois social circles. Wilde as a Christ figure is a notion that draws several conclusions.First, it is not Wildes sexuality that likens him to Jesus. Wildessexuality comes into play only as the factor of his persona that earnedhim persecution and eventual prison time. Simultaneously, Wilde as aChrist figure was a feasible notion only in his martyrdom for art;where Christ was nailed to a cross, died, and was reborn, Wilde wasimprisoned, was released, and reborn. Wildes speculation on his newlifestyle post prison-release was one of humility, much in the samemanner as Jesus humility throughout the history of his encounters withhis disciples. A somewhat wanton display of hubris, Wildes Christcomparisons are a bit lofty and overly ambitious. Wilde perceivesChrist from an agnostic point of view, evidenced by his relativeflexibility in putting himself in the same contact as the Son of God.However, both Jesus and Wilde shared parallels, such as the eventsleading up to their incarcerations. Oscar Wildes homoerotic texts, aesthetics, Christ comparisons andmoral implications were largely the result of his sexuality, though itcan be argued equally as effectively that Wildes writing was affectedby anti-Victorian sentiment. Had he been alive now, in an age wherehomosexuality is often as accepted as racial differences, it isunlikely that he would have gained the notoriety that he did while inprison and following his release. Though he died a pauper, Wildesworks were revolutionary in their latent content, the dandy style, andthe fact that they addressed issues such as homosexuality in a timewhere society was becoming steadily more conservative. As with anyauthor, Wildes works are best understood when taking intoconsideration his biography and history, including his sexuality. Ericksen, Donald H. Oscar Wilde. Boston: G.K. Hall Co., 1977. Gardiner, Juliet. Oscar Wilde: A Life in Letters, Writings, and Wit. Collins Brown, Ltd., 1995. Gaunt, William. The Aesthetic Adventure. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Co., 1945. Hoare, Philip. Oscar Wildes Last Stand: Decadence, Conspiracy, and theMost Outrageous Trial of the Century. New York, Arcade Publishing,Inc., 1997. Wilde, Oscar. An Ideal Husband. Champaign: Project Gutenberg Press,2004. Wilde, Oscar. De Profundis. Champaign: Project Gutenberg Press,2003. Wilde, Oscar. The Decay of Lying. [online] Available at:www.ucc.ie/celt/published/E800003-009/text002.html Cork: Corpus ofElectronic Texts, 1997. Wilde, Oscar. The Importance of Being Earnest. Champaign: Project Gutenberg Press, 2005.